Research about the biodegradability of wood boards and related wood based panels (plywood, particles and Medium Density)
This Project, suggest the need to research the biodegradability of the raw materials that are used today, to make the vast majority of furniture produced. Although at first be supposed inherent the wood biodegradability, wood panels and boards are manufactured with formaldehyde-based glues, which can affect the biodegradability of final product. Furthermore, depending on the raw material with which the board is manufactured, it may come from treated wood (wood preservative agents) which decrease considerably the biodegradability of these boards.
The project research the methodology best suited to the biodegradability analysis on wooden boards. With this methodology, we research the biodegradability in wood and in the three main groups of panels currently used for the furniture manufacture. Biodegradability interact with different factors (type of board, glue, type of raw material, and so on). With the obtained result will be proposed improvements in the production of these materials to enhance biodegradability, without affecting the quality of the boards. Finally, we would want to talk with different official organisms with the aim of try to integrate the obtained results within the regulations now in force for the production of green products, eco-labels, and so on.
After a literature search regarding the method used to study the biodegradability of materials, the methodologies closest to our matrix are investigated.
From these methods we develop a test method for determination of biodegradability in wood and wood based boards.
Medium Density Fibreboard
With this methodology, we study the biodegradability of different wood panels and products, with the aim of determining the influence of certain parameters (wood species, blue used, time of manufacture, and so on) on ultimate biodegradability.
After analyzing the results and conclusions are drawn, that information is used to improve the biodegradability of these materials.